Showing posts with label DNA. Show all posts
Showing posts with label DNA. Show all posts

Saturday, April 13, 2013

Whipple DNA Summary and Overview

Y-DNA testing can help identify your Whipple ancestry and verify your Whipple lineage. If you are a male with surname Whipple (or have a brother, uncle, father, or male cousin with surname Whipple), a Y Chromosome DNA test can help you connect to your ancestors.

A "12-marker" test ought to be sufficient to connect you to the Rhode Island or the Ipswich/Bocking Whipples--or to confirm that you are from some other line, or perhaps from an adopted line? (Family Tree DNA currently offers a 12-marker test for $49.00. You might be able to find a "better deal" somewhere else.) More expensive tests such as 37- and 67-marker tests are probably overkill--at least initially--in identifying Whipple ancestry. (You can generally upgrade the 12-marker test later if you want more markers for your personal research goals.) After you receive your results, the Webmaster of the Whipple Website (webmaster@whipple.org) is interested in your results--especially if they point to haplogroups other than R1b, or R1b1b2. (We'll be careful not to identify any submitter by name on this site!)

Sorting Out the American Whipple Families
  1. Rhode Island Whipples (R1b, R1b1b2, ...). Captain John Whipple (http://whipple.org/366), born between 1615 and 1617 somewhere in England, migrated to New England as a teenager in 1632. He settled first in Dorchester, Massachusetts, then moved to Providence, Rhode Island in 1658 when just over 40 years of age. He died 16 May 1685 in Providence. We know virtually nothing of his ancestry.  Tests so far point the R1b, R1b1b2, and similar haplogroups (for John and his male patrilineal descendants.
  2. Bishop's Stortford/Bocking/Ipswich Whipples (T, T1, I2b1, ...). Thomas Whipple (http://whipple.org106442) of Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England, was born about 1475. His son Thomas (http://whipple.org/47862) and grandson Matthew (http://whipple.org/5929) moved east, settling in Bocking, Essex, England. A small number of tests seem to point to haplogroup T for this Whipple branch. Thomas' two great grandsons migrated from Bocking, England to Ipswich, Massachusetts, in 1638:
    • Matthew Whipple (d. 28 Sep 1647 in Ipswich, MA) http://whipple.org/5946. His descendants have reported haplogroups T, T1, and I2b1. (T seems to be "winning"?)
    • John Whipple (d. 30 Jun 1669 in Ipswich, MA) http://whipple.org/5890. (We have no test results from descendants of this John Whipple. Logic would indicate a haplogroup of T or T1?)
  3. Other families. If you're a male patrilineal descendant of the Baden-Baden/Louisiana Whipples, (see  http://whipple.org/56069), we're interested in your haplogroup. We're similarly interested in the Y-DNA test results of British Whipples and other Whipple subgroups. (Perhaps some British Whipples could offer clues to ancestry of the Rhode Island Whipples?)
Disconnected Whipples

Male patrilineal descendants of disconnected Whipples (see the Disconnected Whipples page) can be tested to see how their haplotrees compare with the haplotrees identified above. If you're stuck in identifying an ancestral connection, a Y-DNA test can help you choose between a Rhode Island and an Ipswich ancestor.

Definitions

(The following are definitions I've encountered while reading Trace Your Roots with DNA: Using Genetic Tests to Explore Your Family Tree by Megan Smolenyak Smolenyak and Ann Turner [Rodale, 2004; ISBN 1-59486-006-8]. These appear in blog posts--often without further explanation. Let me know if you need more definitions.)
Allele
"One of the alternative versions of a gene or genetic marker that can exist in a particular location on a chromosome." -- Trace Your Roots with DNA, p. 249.
Haplotype
An individual collection of "short tandem repeat" (STR) mutations within a DNA segment. Individuals with matching (or nearly matching) haplotypes belong to the same haplogroup. They likely share the same MRCA.
Marker
"A distinctive landmark that occurs in an otherwise featureless stretch of DNA; a DNA sequence with known genetic characteristics that can be tested for purposes of comparison." -- Trace Your Roots with DNA, p. 253.
MRCA
Most Recent Common Ancestor. The nearest common (male--in the case of a Y chromosome test) ancestor shared by two related individuals (cousins/siblings/etc.).
Patrilineal ancestry
A person's ancestral line consisting exclusively of fathers: me, my father, his father, his father, ... etc. (patri = "father's"; lineal = "line")
Y-DNA
Y Chromosome DNA test. A popular genealogical DNA test for matches (or near matches) of "markers" that appear on the Y chromosome. Because only males have a Y chromosome, the test determines if two living males--generally with the same surname--share the same MRCA (i.e. whether they have common patrilineal ancestry).

Monday, March 5, 2012

Ipswich Whipple Y-DNA ... So Far

This past weekend I received a report from yet another patrilineal descendant of Matthew Whipple (b. 1590). He reported his haplogroup as T1. Previous Ipswich Whipples had reported haplogroups T (without the 1) and I2b1. One disconnected Whipple also reported a haplogroup of T.

At this point I'm guessing that T and T1 are close matches. (Slight mutations can occur as generations pass. Might T1 be a mutation of T, I wonder?)

Here is what we have so far. (Each indention level represents one generation):


Last week we reported that a descendant of Joseph Marks Whipple (b. 24 Aug 1752 Greenwich, MA, d. 10 Jun 1843 Johnston, OH) is in haplogroup T. (We don't know Joseph's connection yet. We're guessing he is a descendant of Matthew (b. 1590) or Matthew's brother John (b. 1596 Bocking, Eng., d. 30 Jun 1669 in Ipswich, MA).

A significant number of the descendants of (another) John Whipple (b. abt 1617 somewhere in England; d. 16 May 1685 Providence, RI) are members of haplogroup R1b1b2.

To summarize: Of the small sampling of Y DNA from Ipswich Whipple descendants, most of them seem to be of haplogroup T (or a related haplogroup).

If you are a male named Whipple and are a direct patrilineal descendant of either of the two Ipswich Whipples (Matthew or his brother John), please consider having a Y DNA test and submitting your haplogroup to the Whipple Website.

Feel free to correct or comment on any assumptions made in this post!

Saturday, February 25, 2012

HUGE DNA News!

During the past 2-3 years (or more?), patrilineal descendants of the Rhode Island and Ipswich MA Whipples have been submitting DNA for testing. During that time, known Rhode Island descendants (descendants of Captain John Whipple at http://whipple.org/366) have belonged to haplogroup:
  • R1b1b2
During that same time, two descendants of Matthew of Ipswich (http://whipple.org/5946) have submitted DNA tests, with TWO different results:
  • T
  • I2b1
The Ipswich tests have been inconclusive ...

... UNTIL NOW!

This evening I received an email from a male patrilineal descendant of "disconnected" Jonathan Whipple (http://whipple.org/38969), who married Anne (maiden name unknown) and had a son named Joseph Marks Whipple (http://whipple.org/32580). (Jonathan and Anne apparently died when Joseph was two years old. That was when he was adopted by John Marks (http://whipple.org/140204) and his wife Mary.)

The result:

Haplogroup T

We can now fairly confidently conclude that Jonathan Whipple (http://whipple.org/38969) is a direct descendant of Matthew Whipple (http://whipple.org/5946) or his brother John (http://whipple.org/5890).

As we search for parents of Jonathan Whipple (http://whipple.org/38969), we can now eliminate Whipples that are descendants of Captain John Whipple (http://whipple.org/366) of Rhode Island!

(Note: Don't be confused by the similar names of John of Ipswich and John of Providence. See Two Immigrants Named John. Also visit the two John's pages at http://whipple.org/5890 and http://whipple.org/366. Scroll to the bottom of their pages and read the notes ...)

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

DNA Test Results ... So Far

The very small sample of Y Chromosome DNA test results submitted so far seems to indicate that the Ipswich (Massachusetts) Whipples and the Providence (Rhode Island) Whipples don't share a "recent" common ancestor.
Rhode Island (Samuel, Eleazer), 3+ test results:
Haplogroup R1b1b2 (R-M269)
Ipswich (Matthew), 2 different test results:
Haplogroup T (T-M70)
Haplogroup I2b1
If you are a patrilineal male descendant Matthew or John of Ipswich, or of John of Providence, we welcome results of your yDNA tests.

The Whipple DNA Blog Is Joining the Whipple Blog

Lately I've felt stretched a bit too far, maintaining two Whipple blogs in my spare time. In an effort to save my time (and make DNA-related posts more accessible to followers) I have copied all the posts from the former Whipple DNA Blog to this blog and tagged the posts with the DNA tag. (Click on the tag to see all the DNA Blog posts.)

Last year I became a "convert" to genealogical DNA research (after years of disinterest). I wanted to know for sure if the Rhode Island Whipples and the Ipswich Whipples are related. Judging from Y DNA test results of the past year, I'm satisfied that the two families aren't related biologically.

While the majority of patrilineal descendants of Captain John Whipple of Providence share common Y chromosome DNA, I have yet to find two patrilineal descendants of Matthew Whipple of Bocking that belong to the same Y DNA haplogroup!

Why don't Bocking/Ipswich Whipple descendants belong to the same haplogroup? Can we be sure that Captain John of Providence isn't related to the Bocking Whipples?

It is my opinion that Captain John likely came from the vicinity of Essex County, England in 1632. (That might include Hertfordshire to the west, London to the south, or one of the neighboring counties. Many of the passengers aboard the Lyon in 1632 were from Essex and neighboring counties. John was an indentured servant of a man from the Essex area.) That's about as much as I can surmise about young John.

I'm still puzzled that so far there are no matches among patrilineal descendants of the Bocking/Ipswich Whipples. I encourage patrilineal descendants of John and Matthew of Ipswich to have a Y DNA test--even a basic 12-Marker test!

In the meantime, the former Whipple DNA blog is merging back into the Whipple Blog.

Hopefully I can find sufficient time to focus on a single blog! Thanks for your interest and encouragement!

Tuesday, September 13, 2011

Another Match!

Four days ago I received another email with the subject: "Family Tree DNA Y-DNA12 Test Match 12 for 12," indicating that yet another Whipple is a descendant of Captain John Whipple of Providence, Rhode Island. Because Family Tree DNA has a strict privacy policy, I'm not certain who that person is. (I do see, however, that there are five Whipples listed whose Y-DNA 12 Test matches mine.)

If you also received notification about four days ago--and you just recently had your DNA tested, feel free to email the webmaster-- especially if you are uncertain of your Rhode Island connection!

--W

Sunday, May 8, 2011

12-Marker Y-DNA Test for $99.00!

This week Christopher Congdon reported a way to purchase a 12-marker Y Chromosome DNA test from FamilyTree DNA: Visit https://www.familytreedna.com/order-form.aspx?ty=58&Group=Whipple&code= -- it takes you directly to the page for the 12-marker test.

As I mentioned in an earlier post: the 12-marker Y-DNA test should be sufficient for the objectives of the Whipple Website's tests -- to see it the Ipswich MA and Providence RI Whipples have a "recent" common ancestor.

Before you run out and plunk down your $99.00: Make sure you are a male patrilineal Whipple descendant! (That means that your Whipple ancestry goes back through fathers' lines as far as you know; it probably means that your surname is Whipple.)

I hope to see more test results from descendants of Ipswich Whipples, Matthew (http://whipple.org/5946) and John (http://whipple.org/5890). We're still looking for common haplogroup trends among their descendants.

(Last time I checked, I THINK I saw about 49 tests of Rhode Island Whipple patrilineal descendants, all with a common haplogroup. All "Rhode Island Whipple descendants) trace their ancestry to the John Whipple at http://whipple.org/366.)



Saturday, March 19, 2011

Which Y-DNA Test?

Now that I've had time to look at the results of different relatives' Y-DNA tests, I have formulated a new opinion about which Y-chromosome DNA tests are best. The tests with the fewest "markers" (which are also the cheapest) are probably sufficient--for starters, at least.

A 12-marker test ought to be sufficient to for a male Whipple to determine whether he is a biological patrilineal descendant of the earliest Rhode Island ancestor, Captain John Whipple (See http://whipple.org/366) Unfortunately, FamilyTree DNA doesn't seem to offer a 12- or 25-marker test. The "starter test" advertised on their web site (http://www.familytreedna.com) is the 37-marker test. (They also offer a 67-marker test--considerably more expensive.)

If you are a male Whipple and suspect that you descend from the Ipswich (Massachusetts) brothers John and Matthew, we urge you to have your Y-DNA tested and submit your results! (Thus far, we know of only two tests of Ipswich Whipple--and both are different. Even a 12-marker would help identify a trend!)

We also welcome test results from other Whipple tree descendants. Here are a few possibilities:
  • The Houma, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana (male) descendants of George Whipple of Baden-Baden, in the present-day state of Baden-W├╝rttemberg, Germany. (George's son, Charles Frederick Whipple, immigrated to the U.S. in 1844. He was living in Houma in the 1900 Census.)
  • Male descendants of the purported Robert Eugene Whipple of county Cork, Ireland, who died in the Boston Mountains of Arkansas. His three grandsons, Joseph, John William, and James, were born in Virginia in the 1820's and 1830's.
  • Male descendants of anyone listed on the Disconnected Whipples page--including Whipples from the United Kingdom. (It would be interesting to see if/how they share ancestry with U.S. Whipples!)
We (the rest of us Whipples) look forward to learning about the Y-DNA results of any other male Whipples interested in participating!

If you know of a Y-DNA testing service that offers the 12-marker test, please contact the Webmaster (webmaster@whipple.org).

(If you purchase a 37-marker test from FamilyTree DNA, they offer an upgrade to the "full-blown" 67-marker test--if you're interested.)

Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Ipswich Whipple Y DNA: More Uncertainty

A few days ago I posted preliminary results of an Ipswich Whipple Y Chromosome DNA test. That test indicated no close relationship between the Rhode Island Whipples and that descendant of Matthew Whipple (brother of John) of Ipswich.

Two days ago I received another Y DNA report from another descendant of the same Matthew. (Matthew is the nearest common ancestor of both individuals.) Those DNA results were also different from the Rhode Island Whipple DNA results. Unfortunately, the two Ipswich Whipples DNA tests don't match each other: both Ipswich Whipples have different Y DNA results.

We can't really conclude anything at the moment, except for the following:
  • If you are a male named Whipple and a Y DNA test shows that you belong to haplogroup R1b1b2 (R-M269), you are likely a descendant of Captain John Whipple of Rhode Island.
  • If you are a male named Whipple and a Y DNA test shows that you belong to either haplogroup T or I2b1, you are likely an Ipswich Whipple. (Well, at least you probably aren't a Rhode Island Whipple.)
Feel free to submit your Y DNA test results to the Whipple DNA web site--especially if you don't think you are a Rhode Island Whipple.

More later ...

Weldon Whipple

Thursday, January 20, 2011

Accessing Your yDNA Test Results on FamilyTree DNA

A fellow Whipple reported that he received an email in the past few days from FamilyTree DNA, informing him that some of his Y chromosome DNA test results were available. He indicated that he didn't know how to access the results. I recalled that when I first received my test results, it took me several weeks to "discover" where the results were on the web site. With that in mind, I've decided to share how I accessed my test results.

Step 1. Follow the link to your myFTDNA account

The email has a section that says something like:
Follow the link below to access your myFTDNA account.
Your Kit Number is xxxxxx
http://www.FamilyTreeDNA.com
"History Unearthed Daily"
Jot down your Kit Number and visit http://www.FamilyTreeDNA.com.

Step 2. Log into FTDNA

On the left section of the page,
  • enter your Kit Number in the first field, then
  • enter your password. (The email you received when you ordered the test should have your password. If you can't remember it, click on the "Forgot Your Password?" link.)

Step 3. View your Y-DNA Results

The next page should say "Welcome to your Family Tree DNA personal page!"

The first time I saw the page I was scared away. There are two places on the page that will show you the test results. On the left-hand "navigation bar," scan down until you see "Y-DNA." Beneath that heading, you will see these links:
  • Matches
  • Haplotree
  • Ancestral Origins
  • DYS Values
  • Print Certificate/Report/Data

(You will see the very same links a ways down on the main [right-hand side of the] page, with explanatory prose.)

The rest of this blog entry tells you how to click on the five links just mentioned. Feel free to skip the rest of these instructions, unless you need further help. (Hint: Your haplotree is on the page you view when you click the Haplo tree link.)

Step 4. Click on "Matches"

You should see the "Y-DNA Matches" page. Scroll to the bottom to see some test recipients whose tests exactly or closely match your results. (If you're lucky, you might see some other Whipples. In my case, four other Whipples are listed. There is also one exact match with a different surname.)

My page shows four sections:
  1. 12 Marker - Exact Match
  2. 25 Marker - Exact Match
  3. 37 Marker - Genetic Distance - 2
  4. 67 Marker - Genetic Distance - 3

Step 5. Click on "Haplotree"

(The "Haplotree" link should still be in the left navigation bar, under "Matches.")

After Flash finished drawing the page, look near the top, on the right part of the page. On my page, I see:

My Predicted Haplogroup: R1b1b2   Shorthand: R-M269

Those two values represent your haplogroup (and a shorthand identifier for it ...). (Compare those values to what you see on the "Results" tab of this Whipple DNA blog.

If you're interested in sharing, I'm very interested in your haplogroup and shorthand value.

I'll not mention you by name on this blog--to protect your privacy. However, I'd like to include you in the summary numbers).

On the same page, you can click "Frequency Map" and "Migration Map" to learn more about your ancestors' possible migration paths.

Step 6: Click on "Ancestral Origins"

(The "Ancestral Origins" link should be in the left navigation bar, under "Haplotree.")
Read where they think your ancestors came from. (You may be very surprised!)

Step 7: Click on "DYS Values"

(The "DYS Values" link should be in the left navigation bar, under "Ancestral Origins.")

You might want to print this page (clicking on the "Print This Page" button on the top right.")

I'm not sure what all the values mean, but they're useful if you want to search another yDNA database. I googled for some yDNA databases, and finally settled on Genetree, at www.genetree.com.
On that site, I clicked the "Sign Up" link at the top of the page (then used my signup when I return to that site).

After entering the site, I did the following:
  1. Clicked on the "DNA" menu item near the top of the page, then "Y-DNA Profile" on the drop-down.
  2. On the "Y-DNA Results" page, I clicked on "Markers" and then "Edit," to get a page of Markers with blanks to enter the Values. The Markers correspond to "DYS#" on the FTDNA printout; the Values correspond to "Alleles" on the FTDNA printout.
  3. After I filled in as many blanks as I could (yes, I left some blank), I saved it.
On the Genetree site, it reported that I had 49 matches--many more than I did on the FamilyTree DNA site.

Step 8: Click on "Print Certificate/Report/Data

The page has two PDF certificates and one Migration Map. You can also download your Y-DNA Matches as CSV ("comma separated values") files (for importing to a spreadsheet, etc.)

Well, that's about all I have to say. Feel free to click around on other parts of the FTDNA site.

Feel free to add anything (as a comment) that you think I've missed. (I might even update this page if necessary ...)

Good luck!

Wednesday, January 19, 2011

Preliminary yDNA Test Results: Ipswich and R.I. Whipples Not Closely Related?

Yesterday I received an email reporting the results of Y Chromosome DNA tests of an 8th great grandson of Matthew Whipple (born about 1590, died 28 Sep 1647) of Ipswich, Massachusetts.
(Recall that Matthew and his brother John--both born in Bocking, Essex County, England--sailed from England to Ipswich, Massachusetts, in about 1638. John was born about 1596 and died 30 Jun 1669.)

The 8th great grandson mentioned above is of Haplogroup T (Shorthand T-M70).

My own Y DNA test results (received during the fall of 2010) show me to belong to Haplogroup R1b1b2 (Shorthand R-M269). I am the 8th great grandson of the other (younger) John Whipple, born somewhere in England around 1617. He landed at Dorchester (part of present-day Boston), Massachusetts in 1632 as a teenage indentured servant. He later married and moved to Rhode Island. Several other Whipples in the yDNA databases match my DNA. Those that I've been able to identify are also descendants of Rhode Island John.

So, to summarize what I've observed so far:

Ipswich Whipples: Haplogroup T (Shorthand T-M70)
Rhode Island Whipples: Haplogroup R1b1b2 (Shorthand R-M269)

If you are a male Whipple whose patrilineal line descendants directly from the Ipswich brothers Matthew and John--or from John Whipple of Rhode Island--we welcome a report of your haplogroup findings.

--Weldon Whipple, Webmster

Tuesday, December 21, 2010

Do the DNA.Whipple.org and the Whipple DNA project work together?

I just read the following question on the RootsWeb Whipple mailing list:
So do the DNA.Whipple.org and the Whipple DNA project work together or are they complete separate entities. What is the best way to do an DNA test? Would the National Geographic test work as well? I was interested in that project before I started researching my ancestry but have not done any at this time. Looking forward to seeing what develops.
Here is a response from the co-coordinator for the Whipple group (posted to the same mailing list):
For genealogy purposes the wisest choice is FTDNA or worldfamilies.com. ... FTDNA and worldfamilies cooperate closely. Worldfamilies sponsors a "surname group" for Whipple and others. Ordering your test through worldfamilies gives you an FTDNA test, and supports worldfamilies efforts in supporting surname groups and other efforts. I belong to three surname groups, two of which operate through worldfamilies, and serve as a co-coordinator for the Whipple group, a role I have only recently started and am learning.

The key issue is to to have ready facilities for sharing your results for genealogy studies. In this case there is a significant difference between "genealogy" as in the effort to find your specific relatives, and "genealogical" as in tracing the possibilities of your relationships before people had names. My opinions, of course.
Here is the Whipple Website's response:
The Whipple DNA web site (dna.whipple.org) is more of a "cheer leading" site, focused on very specific objectives, the chief of which--at the moment, at least--is determining whether--or not--the two largest Whipple families in America share a "recent" common ancestor. Whether the answer is "yes" or "no" will help focus future Whipple genealogical research.

I used FamilyTree DNA (FTDNA) for my own tests (mainly because so many others have done the same). I'm satisfied. For the present, I recommend the same test for other patrilineal male descendents who are interested in genealogical DNA. If you are a descendant of either Matthew or John of Ipswich, Massachusetts, I am particularly interested in results of your tests.
So, there you have it.

Weldon Whipple, Webmaster, Whipple Website

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

67 Marker Y Chromosome DNA Test Results Arrived Today

Today I received an email from FamilyTree DNA, informing me of the results from the 67 Marker DNA test ordered earlier. (This completes the tests I've ordered.)

In searching the Y DNA databases, I have found several other Whipples with 90% or greater matches to my DNA, all of them descendants of Captain John Whipple of Dorchester, Massachusetts and Providence, Rhode Island.

Hopefully more results will be forthcoming from known descendants of the Ipswich, Massachusetts/Bocking, England Whipples. It will be nice if/when we can establish whether or not the two main families share a common ancestor.

If you are a male named Whipple and can trace your patrilineal ancestry to the Whipples of Bocking, England, having your DNA tested would help us nail down a Y-DNA haplogroup for that Whipple branch.

If you aren't sure of your male-line Whipple ancestry, feel free to contact the Webmaster: webmaster@whipple.org.

More later

Friday, November 26, 2010

Update: Trace Your Roots with DNA

Last night I finished reading the book Trace Your Roots with DNA: Using Genetic Tests to Explore Your Family Tree by Megan Smolenyak Smolenyak and Ann Turner (Rodale, 2004; ISBN 1-59486-006-8). I strongly recommend it to anyone seriously interested in genetics and genealogy. Here are a few things I learned/concluded.

Y-DNA Testing

Of the two primary DNA tests used in genealogical research, the Y Chromosome DNA test interests me the most. It seems like a perfect match for determining whether the Whipples from Rhode Island and the Whipples from Ipswich, Massachusetts/Bocking, England share a common ancestor--or not. Learning that information can help researchers focus their pre-New World Whipple genealogical research.

mtDNA Testing

Just as Y-DNA testing is good for determining the patrilineal ancestry of male Whipples, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) testing is useful for verifying/validating a female's matrilineal ancestry. For Whipples in general--the focus group of the Whipple Genweb--mtDNA testing seens less useful. (That doesn't mean it isn't useful for specific Whipple's, however, in researching their own ancestry.)

See the DNA testing objectives suggested by the Whipple Website (which focus on Y-DNA tests). Their focus on Y-DNA tests need not exclude involvement of females that are Whipple descendants. Although our female cousins have no Y chromosomes, they do have brothers, uncles and male cousins to be recruited.

Other Y-DNA Databases

Page 192 of Trace Your Roots with DNA lists several additional Y-DNA database organizations:
  • www.yhrd.org (Y-chromosome Haplotype Reference Database), originated in Germany, primarily as a forensic database.
  • www.ybase.org, sponsored by DNA Heritage, is the "first open-access database designed especially for genealogists." It can "accommodate results from any genealogical testing company."
  • www.ysearch.org is the database associated with Family Tree DNA--the organization that is testing my own Y-DNA and (perhaps?) the "official" organization for the Whipple DNA project.
  • GeneTree is associated with the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation), associated with the database.
This morning I quickly visited all four sites in an attempt to learn of their searchability and availability to genealogical DNA newcomers.

One of the for probably deserves special note: When I visited GeneTree, I was immediately presented with a very simple (and compelling) registration page, which I "fell for." After I registered (for free), the site sent me an confirmation email, which included a link to the GeneTree database. It offered an easy-to-use interface for adding my Whipple pedigree and entering my alleles from the Family Tree DNA test.

Within 5-10 minutes of submitting that form, an email arrived in my inbox, informing me of 49 matches--many of them Whipples. I spent the afternoon "clicking into" those matches at GeneTree.

I continue to recommend Family Tree DNA for participants in the Whipple DNA Project. However, I also strongly suggest that participants pro-actively search other available Y-DNA databases for matches.

I currently feel fairly confident about the Y-DNA signature of Captain John Whipple of Rhode Island (http://whipple.org/366). I need to gain the same degree of confidence for the Ipswich/Bocking Whipples.

The future is bright for the Whipple DNA Project. I look forward to watching it unfold!

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

The Whipple DNA Project at worldfamilies.net

As proof that I'm still a "newbie" at genealogical DNA research, I realized this afternoon that the Whipple DNA Project has been around for at least two years at http://www.worldfamilies.net/surnames/whipple/. Even more surprising (to me) is that my pedigree is already online. (I recall uploading it somewhere a month or so ago. This afternoon I realized that it is posted--with a few others--at the worldfamilies.net URL mentioned above.)

Approximately two years ago Blaine Whipple submitted a document announcing the beginning of the Whipple Surname Family Tree DNA Project. (You can view the document at http://whipple.org/dna.pdf.) Although the offer described in that document has expired, prices of DNA testing have decreased since the document was created.

To join the Whipple Surname Family Tree DNA Project, I suggest the following:
  • Identify a living male relative named Whipple (perhaps yourself) who you think is a direct descendant of someone named Whipple, going from father to father, until the most distant male Whipple ancestor is reached.
  • Visit the FamilyTreeDNA web site and sign up for a Y-DNA test. (It will cost some money--but less than it did two years ago.) The instructions on Blaine's 2008 invitation said to select the "37 Marker" test. Today many suggest selecting the "67 Marker". If you aren't certain of your ancestry, you might decide to request the less expensive 12 or 25 Marker test. (If either of those looks promising, you can request a higher-numbered Marker test after receiving the results of your test.)
  • FamilyTreeDNA will send you four mouth swabs and give instructions for swabbing the inside of your mouth at intervals specified in the instructions, then storing them in small containers. When complete, return them to FamilyTreeDNA in the envelope they send you.
  • FamilyGreeDNA will email the results to you, inviting you to upload your patrilineal pedigree for others to see for comparison.
  • When you upload your pedigree it appears on the worldfamilies.net web site.
I'll share additional information as I  become aware of it.

Tuesday, November 23, 2010

My 37 Marker Y-DNA Results Arrived Today

FamilyTree DNA emailed the results of my 37 marker Y-DNA test today (having previously sent the results of the 12 and 25 marker tests). They are still working on the 67 marker tests.
(If I sound like I know what I'm talking about, I really don't. I have, however, received the following book from Amazon.com--two days ago: Trace Your Roots with DNA: Using Genetic Tests to Explore Your Family Tree by Megan Smolenyak Smolenyak and Ann Turner (Rodale, c2004; ISBN 1-59486-006-8). I hope to read it over the Thanksgiving weekend. Previously I had begun reading The Language of Life: DNA and the Revolution in Personalized Medicine by Francis S. Collins (New York: Harper, c2010; ISBN 978-0-06-173317-8). The latter book is fascinating, but doesn't say much about genealogical applications of DNA.)
Anyway, here is what I know so far (in case readers want to know how I compare with them). I'll include my 12 and 25 marker results as well.

My Haplotree
  • My Y-DNA Haplotree: R1b1b2
My Y-DNA 12, 25 and 37 Markers 
  • My Y-DNA 12 marker has an "exact match" with 4 other individuals (three of them named Whipple). Here is what that means:
The probability that the five of use share a common ancestor within the last ...
2 generations is 18.50%
4 generations is 33.57%
6 generations is 45.86%
8 generations is 55.88%
10 generations is 64.04%
(Note: Captain John Whipple is 10 generations away from me--not counting my own generation. If we extend the above sequence to 28 generations, someone with an exact match would have 94.30% probability of sharing that ancestor.)
  • My Y-DNA 25 marker has an "exact match" with 2 other individuals (both named Whipple):
The probability that the three of us share a common ancestor within the last ...
2 generations is 37.69%
4 generations is 61.17%
6 generations is 75.81%
8 generations is 84.92%
10 generations is 90.61%
(If we carried that back to 26 generations, the probability of having a common ancestor would be 99.79%.)
  • My Y-DNA 37 marker has a "genetic distance" of two from the same two Whipples referenced above (in describing the 25 marker).
For the 37 marker, the probability that the three of us share a common ancestor within the last ...
2 generations is 7.89%
4 generations is 26.85%
6 generations is 48.04%
8 generations is 65.86%
10 generations is 78.79%
(If we carried that back to 26 generations, the probability of having a common ancestor would be 99.81%.)

Countries of Origin of My Patrilineal Ancestry

Several pages on the FamilyTree DNA site talk about countries of origin of my patrilineal line. (Patrilineal means, me, my father, his father and his father ... ad infinitum.) To sum them up, each test (12, 25, 37 marker) suggests the following countries of origin:
  • 12 marker: England (3 matches), Italy (1 match), Scotland (1 match), United Kingdom (1 match). [I'm not sure what the "matches" refer to.]
  • 25 marker: England [matches not specified]
  • 37 marker: England [matches not specified]
I'm still awaiting the results of my 67 marker test. If any direct-descendant Whipples have your results, I'm interested in how they compare with mine. (I'm still trying to figure out what sorts of privacy implications are involved in DNA testing. For that reason, I'm not giving the names of the other Whipples whose Y-DNA tests match mine.)

--Weldon Whipple, Webmaster, Whipple Website

Monday, November 15, 2010

Whipple DNA

About two months ago at a relative's wedding reception, I struck up a conversation with an ardent fan of genealogical DNA. Until that time I had always been a skeptic of its benefits, preferring instead to identify actual relatives by name, using vital records and other sources.

By the time we left, I was a convert. I returned home and immediately signed up for a DNA test at Family Tree DNA. I have received some of the test results; I'm still waiting for the rest.

For the past several weeks, several Whipple relatives have exchanged email about the benefits of DNA to genealogical research. While I am still a newbie, here is part of one of my replies:

Two thing I have gleaned:

yDNA: If two males can trace their male line back to the same common male ancestor, they should have an exact match. (The "y" is for the y chromosome that determines maleness.)

xDNA: Same as yDNA except substitute female for male. This isn't as useful because females in our society tend to change surnames when they marry.

Since you are a RI Whipple, you and I should have an exact yDNA match. I'm assuming that the three Whipples with whom I have an exact match are RI Whipples.

We need more Ipswich Whipple male-line Whipple descendants to take the yDNA test. If they are all exact matches among themselves--but different from my DNA, then we can conclude that the two Whipple families don't have a common Whipple ancestor. If they do all match, then we can conclude that the two Whipple families do share a common male ancestor somewhere.

I really ought to write something like this on the Whipple Blog. ... But I really would like to see the results of my 37 marker and 67 marker (the latter of which I ordered today).

Because three other Whipples are exact matches with me, I now feel confident that Capt. John of RI is in fact my biological 8th great grandfather.
DNA testing has a place in genealogical research. Let's see what DNA can tell us about our ancestry.

Wednesday, December 10, 2008

Connecting Whipples with DNA

Most Whipples living in the United States today can trace their ancestry to one of two English ancestors:
  1. Matthew Whipple of Bocking, England, through his two sons Matthew and John, who came to America in 1638 and settled in Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts.
  2. Another person named John Whipple who came to Dorchester (part of today's Boston), Massachusetts aboard the ship Lyon in 1632, at about the age of 15.
Efforts to find a relationship between the two families have not yet succeeded.

Whipple genealogist Blaine Whipple has just announced "a new project to determine whether the the Ipswich, MA Whipples and the Dorchester, MA-Providence, RI Whipples are related." The project, which involves DNA testing, is described in a PDF document submitted to the webmaster in early December. Whipples might want to consider participating.

Note from the Webmaster: In discussing this with my mother-in-law, a genealogist who has been pursuing an interest in DNA testing, I expressed misgivings about whether it would be accurate in my case, since--although my male line goes directly to the Rhode Island Whipples--a female line goes back to Ipswich, MA, at the same time as the early Ipswich Whipples were living, and there is a possibility that that might skew the conclusions.

My mother-in-law informed me that DNA research includes X-DNA tests and Y-DNA tests. The Y-DNA tests follow male ancestral lines exclusively; X-DNA tests follow female ancestral lines exclusively. Re-readng Blaine's document, I see that the test is a Y-DNA test. According to her e-mail:
Where it says "Y-DNA" - I think that shows it is the male DNA they are going to check. The email should have stipulated only males to do it.
Comments, anyone?

Notes
  1. Many "disconnected" Whipples appear on the Whipple Website's "Disconnected Whipples" page. Feel free to help connect them to other Whipples. (Note: Some Whipples are known have other origins. One George Whipple of what is now present-day Germany, for example, is the father of at least two children who migrated from Baden-Baden to Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana, in the 1840s.)
  2. Very recent research suggests that Matthew Whipple of Bocking, England, might be the son of Thomas Whipple (who was the son of another Thomas Whipple) of Bishop's Stortford, England. See FAQ 2.2 for more information.